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lucerne planting time south africa

Growing Alfalfa in the South Garry Lacefield, Don Ball, Dennis Hancock, John Andrae and Ray Smith 1 Alfalfa, often called “The Queen of the Forages,” is one of the most widely grown crops in the United States and is one of the most important forage crops in the world. Days to flowering vary between 70 days for late planted (middle to end of June) and 120 days for early (May) planted crops. Planting and crop management. “Lucerne is most commonly drilled in the spring, with DairyCo research work at Harper Adams and number of other sites suggesting that late summer is generally less successful. High Resistance to Phytopthera, Stem Nematodes. In South Africa, lucerne is generally planted from March to May to minimise competition from weeds. time. Lucerne is a Perennial Summer Legume which is well adjusted to perform in almost all areas of South Africa. 37 Eagle Street, Brackenfell, Western Cape. The grass is suitable for all farm animals and is even more nutritious than Lucerne. couch, yarrow, browntop etc.) It is too high in protein and an excess will cause bloat. pending on the cultivar and growing conditions. Planting Depth: It can be direct-seeded, or planted into forestry tubes and later transplanted. In the high rainfall, cool areas or under irrigation, Kikuyu does well on fertile soils. D. W. McKellar and C. C. Claassens . Also grows in the shade. This calendar is a GUIDE ONLY. Sowings in the late summer will result in heavier crops in the following spring. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. 10. Planting dates, cutting schedules & number of cuts are all influenced by management & the environment. Established in 1952 as a controlling body, the National Lucerne Trust was recently transformed into a service organization for the lucerne industry. High Resistance to Pea and Spotted Aphids. Good Tolerance for Phytopthera, Crown Rot and Bacterial Wilt. Take the temperature at 07:00 at a depth of 5 cm, and if it is warmer than 13°C for at least three consecutive days, the planting process can start. Lucerne can be fed fresh and must be introduced slowly and immediately after cutting as it is very palatable and refreshing. <> Good Tolerance to soil Salinity and Sodicity, High Yield, High Resistance to Phytopthera , Stem and Root Nematodes, High Resistance to Blue-Green, Pea and Spotted Aphids. Lucerne can be sown from April right through the spring and summer. Explore 4 listings for Lucerne for sale in South Africa at best prices. Lucerne is usually planted in autumn (irrigated lucerne may also be planted in spring) when there is sufficient soil moisture and soil temperatures are warm enough. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 7 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 596.04 842.04] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S>> If you plant early in the cool production areas, it is better to measure the soil temperature before starting to plant. Plant diseases, growing length, yield Lucerne or alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is a deep-rooted, temperate, perennial pasture legume which is well adapted to mixed farming systems in southern Western Australia. In the Karoo lucerne can be sown under irrigation at any time of the year except in June and July. It has a shrubby growth form, is deciduous and can grow up to 1,5 m tall. Lucerne is the king of fodder, yielding a large volume of high quality hay that’s rich in protein. The cheapest offer starts at R 30. Time of sowing. Eden, George. The two most common sowing techniques are a seed-bag and a fertiliser spreader. Lucerne can produce high yields from 18-30 tons of dry matter per ha per season when properly irrigated and given enough fertilizer. Buy and sell lucerne Seeds on Farm Tender. It is widely adopted but prefers deep, well drained soils with neutral to high PH. However, the later sowings carry a greater risk of establishment failure due to the onset of cooler growing conditions in the autumn. Lucerne belongs to the legume family, which means that, working with soil bacteria called rhizobia, it is able to fix nitrogen to make it available for plant growth. From there, Lucerne Transport has grown to become one of South Africa’s largest tanker transport companies. It is advised that seeds must be treated with Rhizobium Bacteria. High Resistance to Crown Rot, Stem Nematodes. It’s important to select a paddock that is free draining and free of perennial weeds (i.e. To­day, Karoo Lusern pro­duces an av­er­age of 240t of lucerne meal a week, em­ploys 100 full-time staff, and owns five Scania trucks. Autumn planting can begin in February-April. Lespedeza cuneata (Sericea lespedeza/Poor man’s lucerne/Armmanslusern) This is a perennial summer growing legume indigenous to East Africa. Pods are prone to shatter - ing if the harvest process is delayed. 3 0 obj 2 0 obj It is used for grazing, hay, and silage, as well as a green manure and cover crop.The name alfalfa is used in North America. There are several ways lucerne can be fed. Plant now in winter anywhere in South Africa. Alfalfa (/ æ l ˈ f æ l f ə /), also called lucerne and called Medicago sativa in binomial nomenclature, is a perennial flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae.It is cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries around the world. High Resistance to Phytopthera and Pea and Spotted Aphids. Failure to enter the Planting time For both direct drilling and transplanting, late winter is suggested for lower-rainfall areas and early to mid spring for higher-rainfall tableland areas. The more dormant the variety, the earlier the plant growth will cease in autumn and the later it will start in spring, so this determines when the forage is available. Lucerne seed is expensive, so avoid wasting it by sowing too much of … Plant it once and it seeds itself every year and so grows forever. It has thick stems, is very leafy and grows upright. In the dryer parts of South Africa, blue buffalo grass is well adapted. Lucerne Transport was founded as a family-run business in 1974, when JMJ Loubser began transporting milk from farms to his dairy. Hints on the Growing and Utilization of Lucerne. When lucerne is planted in rows, it should be done at a spacing of 600 mm - 900 mm apart. x��\m�Ǒ������@����L� ��� �u8�����2�8kj]��UUϐ�ͭ��,9FV�R��]]��k��W�B���׶U�ʅ���}����ؽ��y��7/�^�V�P�x��ŕZ��~Um])�x�g��/߽���r���ś?������/���U��0���,ܯ *�+��|yQ�_AT�WU��EPR_XT-J�s�P��m���JF&��q0��j�p���~_�j��ߧ?���~���ˏ+��Շ�յ[v�k���\���W�K�ᳱ����e�r�_���~߮A:�ϵ*W���Ӫ&�?�+�hl�j���5 �Q#�%�P�26���@%�8Դ�8Q��W �6.��inX�rp�mH[i��x������S��?�LZW�(>�aQ\��,�L�����*0O�?n_\�t:u. ... You can cancel email alerts at any time. TAGASASTE (Chamaecytisus palmensis/Lucerne tree/Boomlusern) Tagasaste is a hardy, woody perennial with the same nutritional value as Alfalfa, without the side effect that causes bloating in livestock. It is indigenous to the Canary Islands where it is cultivated and forms a part of the natural vegetation for livestock and wildlife to feed on. High Resistance to Phytopthera , Stem and Root Nematodes. Tropical legumes as pasture plants include species like greenleaf desmodium, perennial soybean, siratro (purple bush-bean), stylo and lucerne. In cold districts crops generally require a minimum of 6 weeks growth after germination to survive the winter. Check it out! Recommended Planting Time: Spring, or during the wet season, soil temperature should be at least 20°C for germination, a higher soil temperature will give a more even germination. Establishment: Lucerne is best established during the spring months typically mid August through to late November. Cultivars: Dormancy: Features: Agsalfa 10. Check it out! WATER being the lifeblood of crop production in South Africa, growers should have a full appreciation of its economical utilization, not only with respect to yield, but also with respect to the quality of the crop produced. If sown in spring, August and September would be the best months to sow. Search. (No bloat or Laminitis) The grass is also suitable for hay. Good Tolerance to soil Salinity and Sodicity, High Yield. Our Srvices include the co-ordination of research projects, collection and distribution of information, technology transfer, cultivar evaluation and industry stability (RIRDC) and New South Wales Department of Primary Industries (NSW DPI) to investigate the growing, making, processing and marketing of lucerne hay in Australia. Farmers an indigenous pasture grass is now available. In South Africa, lucerne is grown under irrigation and as a dryland crop. <> 1 0 obj %PDF-1.5 %���� Lucerne may be planted in either autumn or spring. Optimum Planting Date for Lucerne is from February to May. Freestate Vegetable Planting Chart This service is available from Seeds for Africa offices subject to stringent conditions. Lucerne is highly imported hence we are playing in this space to reduce the import bill -Lucern is harvers every 4-5 weeks, meaning i will be able to make more money quickly -Botswana has seen the rise of dairy production and feedlots, horse rearing and so on which in turn translates to the market ready for lucerne. stream For higher rainfall southern regions, successful spring sowing of lucerne is achievable. Information on varieties specific to seed production has been collated by Lucerne Australia. In regions of reliable autumn rains or with access to irrigation, early Tagasaste can be planted with a turret planter used for vegetable seedlings. An established lucerne pasture provides an alternative source of forage for animal production, especially outside the growing season of annual crops and pastures. Australia's premier agricultural market place. Optimum Planting Date for Lucerne is from February to May. Please enter 5555 as your postal code should you wish to collect your parcel and please take full note of the collection conditions at the below link. Spring sowing can begin in September-November. CULTIVARS A large spectrum of cultivars is available in South Africa. High Resistance to Blue-Green, Pea and Spotted Aphids. Fast summer grower with big Leafs and thin stems. Second & Consecutive Years Management Schedule. High Resistance to Stem Nematodes and Spotted Aphids. ... Lucerne trees seeds = food growing on trees! “Although it requires no nitrogen once established, it can be beneficial to apply it during sowing. This is due to control of winter weeds and rising soil and air temperature aiding establishment. The best time is, however, during late summer (February to April). <> Browse latest lucerne & Pasture seed listings or Post a The crown allows the plant to store root reserves for winter survival. The plant will usually survive if it forms a crown before a killing frost. LUCERNE Spring Planting Establishment Schedule . However early autumn sowings can also be successful. Lucerne Lucerne is an excellent source of protein and should be used as a protein feed and not used as a hay. It can be sowed in clean, well prepared soils at a density of 25-30kg per ha under irrigation. Lucerne must be allowed to grow out to full flowering once a year. Note that all lucerne varieties grow well during spring and summer and that the growth pattern of a variety can change if moisture is limiting. endobj endobj The cheapest offer starts at R 100. On the Highveld, rows of 30 cm are often used when the pasture is grazed by sheep. If it is under irrigation, then the best time for this is from the middle of May to the middle of June. High Resistance to Blue–Green, Pea and Spotted Aphids. 4 0 obj Regrowth left on the plant through the winter protects the crown and the growing points against cold damage. Sow the seed 2.5 cm deep. Alternatively, lucerne can be planted in spring (August - September), which is the preferred planting time on the Highveld. While lucerne may be planted in the autumn, spring planting is preferable in most areas. Autumn sowing is recommended in low medium rainfall regions where the majority of annual rainfall occurs in winter… It uses 21kg K, 13kg Ca, 2.7kg Mg, 2.7kg P,  2.7kg S and 25-30kg N to produce 1ton dry matter. endobj “I was scared of go­ing into the trans­port busi­ness but re­alised I had to if I wanted to of­fer quick and re­li­able ser­vice,” says Land­man. The time and money spent on the preparation of the seedbed can be in vain due to the use of poor seed. Explore 16 listings for Lucerne bales for sale South Africa at best prices. Winter protects the crown and the growing season of annual crops and pastures from March to May to competition... Winter protects the crown and the growing points against cold damage is advised that seeds must be with. 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Be used as a controlling body, the National lucerne Trust was recently transformed into a service organization for lucerne... Often used when the pasture is grazed by sheep browse latest lucerne pasture. To lucerne planting time south africa, Pea and Spotted Aphids establishment failure due to control of winter and. Tons of dry matter per ha per season when properly irrigated and given fertilizer... Validation purposes and should be left unchanged latest lucerne & pasture seed listings or Post a explore 4 listings lucerne. Competition from weeds seed-bag and a fertiliser spreader to become one of South Africa at best prices and. Stem and root Nematodes harvest process is delayed through to late November apply it sowing! As it is under irrigation, then the best months to sow a large volume of high hay! And Bacterial Wilt of protein and should be left unchanged through the spring months typically mid August through late. 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