Aberdeen is a town of approximately 60,000 people on the south side of Hong Kong Island. Then I went to a fishing village called Tai O, located west of the islandâ¦ Mongkok and Tsim Sha Tsui are both part of Kowloon.  Freshness of ingredients is emphasised. Products from mainland China account for about 40 per cent of that traffic. Hong Kong Island is the second-largest island of the territory, the largest being Lantau Island. The largest ethnic minority groups are Filipinos (4%), Indonesians (2.4%), and White people (2.4%). It is estimated that at during the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the island already had commercial activity. Although the traders were expelled after military clashes in the 1520s, Portuguese-Chinese trade relations were re-established by 1549. , Hong Kong represents itself separately from mainland China, with its own sports teams in international competitions.  Rural committee chairmen, representing outlying villages and towns, fill the 27 non-elected seats. , The Mass Transit Railway (MTR) is an extensive passenger rail network, connecting 93 metro stations throughout the territory. Largest cities or municipalities in the People's Republic of China, [hœ́ːŋ.kɔ̌ːŋ tɐ̀k̚.pìːt̚ hɐ̏ŋ.tsēŋ.kʰɵ́y], [hœ̂ːŋ.kɔ̌ːŋ tɐ̀k̚.pìːt̚ hɐ̏ŋ.tsēŋ.kʰɵ́y], the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, Independent Commission Against Corruption, Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, Office for Safeguarding National Security of the CPG in the HKSAR, Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, Chairman of the Central Military Commission, 14th most popular destination for international tourists, Hong Kong Strategic Route and Exit Number System, eighth-busiest airport by passenger traffic, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge Hong Kong Link Road, Legislative Council Disclaimer and Copyright Notice, "Survey and Mapping Office – Circulars and Publications", "Population - Overview | Census and Statistics Department", "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2020", UN Human Development Indices and Indicators 2018, Technical Legislative Amendments on Traffic Arrangements for the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge 2017, "World's Richest Cities: The Top 10 Cities Billionaires Call Home", "Country Comparison: GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)", Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, "Aquilaria sinensis and origin of the name of Hong Kong", "The Petrology of the Wong Tei Tung Stone Tool Manufacturing Site, Sham Chung, Hong Kong Sar, China", "Pro-China Party Appears Big Loser in Hong Kong Election". WRONG taxis in Hong Kong are super cheap with the first 2 kilometers being a set $22HK and additional $1.60 HK for every 200 meters. At the height of the local movie industry in the early 1990s, over 400 films were produced each year; since then, industry momentum shifted to mainland China. It all began with the "bus uncle" clip, in which a bus rider was told â¦ Of the total area, 1,073 km2 (414 sq mi) is land and 35 km2 (14 sq mi) is water. , The Hong Kong Garrison of the People's Liberation Army is responsible for the region's defence. , Although public transport systems handle most passenger traffic, there are over 500,000 private vehicles registered in Hong Kong.  Vehicle traffic is extremely congested in urban areas, exacerbated by limited space to expand roads and an increasing number of vehicles. , The imposition of Hong Kong national security law by the central government in Beijing in June 2020 resulted in the suspension of bilateral extradition treaties by the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand in July and in October by Finland and Ireland.  Spiritual concepts such as feng shui are observed; large-scale construction projects often hire consultants to ensure proper building positioning and layout. Summer is hot and humid, with occasional showers and thunderstorms and warm air from the southwest. Hong Kong was surrendered on 25 December 1941, thereafter often called "Black Christmas" by locals. , Tong lau, mixed-use tenement buildings constructed during the colonial era, blended southern Chinese architectural styles with European influences. Things to do Central.  The impending transfer triggered a wave of mass emigration as residents feared an erosion of civil rights, the rule of law, and quality of life.  Dim sum, as part of yum cha (brunch), is a dining-out tradition with family and friends.  The universal public healthcare system is funded by general-tax revenue, and treatment is highly subsidised; on average, 95 per cent of healthcare costs are covered by the government. On 18 December, the Japanese had conquered North Point, reaching Wong Nai Chung Gap on the next day. Its area is 78.59 km2 (30.34 sq mi), including 6.98 km2 (2.69 sq mi) of land reclaimed since 1887 and some smaller scale ones since 1851.  During the Mongol conquest of China in the 13th century, the Southern Song court was briefly located in modern-day Kowloon City (the Sung Wong Toi site) before its final defeat in the 1279 Battle of Yamen. Hong Kong Island, the second largest island and the earliest area opened to the world in Hong Kong, is now the commercial and political center of the city. As Wong Nai Chung Gap was a strategic important place of defence, large-scale defensive works were constructed there, including anti-aircraft batteries, howitzers, and machine gun nests. Hong Kongâs largest island, Lantau is home to some of the most iconic attractions, historic venues and even popular theme parks. Smaller kai-to boats serve the most remote coastal settlements.  Hong Kong is a gateway for foreign direct investment in China, giving investors open access to mainland Chinese markets through direct links with the Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges.  "Fragrant" may refer to the sweet taste of the harbour's freshwater influx from the Pearl River or to the odour from incense factories lining the coast of northern Kowloon. English and Scottish forces and the Canadian Winnipeg Grenadiers vigorously defended the crucial point of Wong Nai Chung Gap, and for a while successfully secured the passage between Central and the secluded southern parts of the island.  As a special administrative region, Hong Kong maintains separate governing and economic systems from that of mainland China under the principle of "one country, two systems". The first modern competition was organised in 1976, and overseas teams began competing in the first international race in 1993.  Some (including the Court of Final Appeal Building and the Hong Kong Observatory) retain their original function, and others have been adapted and reused; the Former Marine Police Headquarters was redeveloped into a commercial and retail complex, and Béthanie (built in 1875 as a sanatorium) houses the Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts. Local publications are often politically affiliated, with pro-Beijing or pro-democracy sympathies.  Decisions made by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress override any territorial judicial process.  It does not specify how Hong Kong will be governed after 2047, and the central government's role in determining the territory's future system of government is the subject of political debate and speculation. Explore similarities and differences.  After more than a year of further hostilities, Hong Kong Island was formally ceded to the United Kingdom in the 1842 Treaty of Nanking.  With a rapidly increasing population, the colonial government began reforms to improve infrastructure and public services.  Most private recreational aviation traffic flies through Shek Kong Airfield, under the supervision of the Hong Kong Aviation Club. , Hong Kong has a highly developed, sophisticated transport network.  It is the eighth-busiest airport by passenger traffic, and handles the most air-cargo traffic in the world. Seafront Fun: Stanley Beach. Set at the base of lush mountains on the back side of Hong Kong Island, far from â¦ , As the mainland liberalised its economy, Hong Kong's shipping industry faced intense competition from other Chinese ports. It is separated from the mainland (Kowloon Peninsula and New Territories) by Victoria Harbour. The population as of 2011[update] is 1,270,876, which makes up approximately 19% of that of Hong Kong.  Neolithic to Bronze Age Hong Kong settlers were semi-coastal people. These schools are subject to the curriculum guidelines as provided by the Education Bureau. , The name of the territory, first romanised as "He-Ong-Kong" in 1780, originally referred to a small inlet located between Aberdeen Island and the southern coast of Hong Kong Island. , The central government and Ministry of Foreign Affairs handle diplomatic matters, but Hong Kong retains the ability to maintain separate economic and cultural relations with foreign nations. August 2011 dusk view of Hong Kong Island as seen from, Legislative Council geographical constituencies, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Country parks and conservation in Hong Kong, "Highways Department - South Island Line(East)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hong_Kong_Island&oldid=982282356, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, All Wikipedia articles written in Hong Kong English, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles to be expanded from December 2011, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, Articles needing additional references from January 2019, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 06:13.  The University of Hong Kong was established in 1911 as the territory's first institution of higher education. Hong Kong Island is connected to the Kowloon Peninsula on the mainland by two road-only tunnels (the Cross-Harbour Tunnel and the Western Harbour Crossing), two MTR railway tunnels (Tsuen Wan line and Tung Chung line/Airport Express) and one combined road and MTR rail link tunnel (Eastern Harbour Tunnel, containing the Tseung Kwan O line and road traffic in separate parallel conduits). The territory's 2,755 km2 (1,064 sq mi) area consists of Hong Kong Island, the Kowloon Peninsula, the New Territories, Lantau Island, and over 200 other islands. Contrary to many peopleâs basic knowledge, Hong Kong is not a state or country but an administrative region of China. The predominant language is Cantonese, a variety of Chinese originating in Guangdong. Japanese casualties were about 600.  However, mainland criminal procedure law applies to cases investigated by the Office for Safeguarding National Security of the CPG in the HKSAR.  Hong Kong was occupied by Japan for almost four years before Britain resumed control on 30 August 1945.  The dense space led to a developed transportation network with public transport rates exceeding 90 percent.  Although the Chairman of the Central Military Commission is supreme commander of the armed forces, the regional government may request assistance from the garrison. This was influenced by British-style education, a separate political system, and the territory's rapid development during the late 20th century.  Mainland Chinese citizens do not have right of abode in Hong Kong and are subject to immigration controls. This electoral arrangement has guaranteed a pro-establishment majority in the legislature since the transfer of sovereignty. The 1846 Flagstaff House, the former residence of the commanding British military officer, is the oldest Western-style building in Hong Kong.  The city has the largest number of skyscrapers of any city in the world, and its residents have some of the highest life expectancies in the world. In an expensive city like Hong Kong, you would just assume taxis are expensive like any other big city in the world.  Although the source of the romanised name is unknown, it is generally believed to be an early phonetic rendering of the Cantonese pronunciation hēung góng. Private schools subsidised under the Direct Subsidy Scheme and international schools fall outside of this system and may elect to use differing curricula and teach using other languages.  Chinese companies have expanded their economic presence in the territory since the transfer of sovereignty.  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